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Suomenlinna

Suomenlinna

Stock Press Photo | Twierdza Suomenlinna

Suomenlinna (z fin. „Twierdza Fińska”; szw. Sveaborg - „Twierdza Szwedzka”) – twierdza w Helsinkach, położona na grupie sześciu wysp niedaleko brzegu. Dawniej miała za zadanie bronić Helsinek od strony morza. Obecnie utraciła walory militarne, posiada jednak wielkie znaczenie kulturowe jako zabytek historyczny i atrakcja turystyczna. W 1991 r. została wpisana na listę światowego dziedzictwa UNESCO.
Wyspy te mają ok. 800 mieszkańców. Znajduje się na nich również muzeum wojskowe (jednym z eksponatów jest „Vesikko” - okręt podwodny z okresu II wojny światowej), morska szkoła wojskowa oraz wiele restauracji i kawiarni dla turystów.

The construction of the Viapori fortress on the barren Susiluodot islands by Helsinki was started in 1748. At the time, Helsinki was a small town with very simple, unimpressive housing stock. Helsinki had a convenient location: it was possible to reach the city on the King’s Road, and the city harbor was often praised.
The small town had a good location for tourism. The fortress construction site started a new era in Helsinki, bringing wealth to what had been just a small town. Factories, brickworks and sawmills were quickly established in the city, and labour poured in from all corners of the country.
Helsinki’s appeal as a tourist destination remained small. The city could only offer very basic services, so most visitors would stay in private homes. At the time, Helsinki was a city of wooden houses, with only a few stone houses and approximately 1,000 inhabitants. When walking across town, the visitor had a good chance of running into cows among the local passers-by. In the eyes of visitors, Helsinki was utterly put into the shade by the new Viapori fortress.
In the 18th century, the educated classes became interested in traveling, and especially the young men of the upper classes were eager to educate themselves through a Grand Tour of Europe. The destinations of their journeys were in the south in southern Europe and Italy, and for Europeans, the remote North was an exotic and wild wilderness. The rise of non-fiction and travel literature brought about a general interest in foreign countries and cultures.
In the travel books of the time, Finland was presented as a transit point to Lapland or Russia; however, the reputation of the Viapori fortress soon reached ears outside Sweden.
Paintings and drawings of the new fortress depicted its power and modern technology. Printed images of the majestic walls spread around Europe, and in 1784, William Coxe n way to St. Petersburg.

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